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7 Common Applications of Polyurethane Fabric You Should Know

by Louise W. Rice

Some people may not be aware of all the uses of the amazing substance polyurethane.

Depending on its intended purpose, polyurethane can take on a wide range of forms. It might be manufactured as a sturdy and long-lasting material for everything from skateboard wheels to the tires of large machinery.

It is available in four main categories, including elastomers, cross-linked, flexible foams, and coatings, each with a distinct use and many positive uses.

Let’s take a look at just 7 of the most common applications of polyurethane fabric.

1. Automotive

Cars are constructed entirely of polyurethane. Polyurethanes are used in bumpers, interior “headline” ceiling parts, the automobile body, spoilers, doors, and windows in addition to the foam that gives car seats their comfortable feel. By lowering weight and improving fuel efficiency, comfort, corrosion resistance, insulation, and sound absorption, polyurethane also enables manufacturers to provide drivers and passengers substantially more “mileage” from their vehicles.

2. Appliances

Large gadgets that users use every day often contain polyurethanes. Rigid foams for refrigerator and freezer thermal insulation systems are the principal appliance used for polyurethanes. For consumer refrigerators and freezers to satisfy specified energy ratings, rigid polyurethane foam is a necessary and economical material. The combination of a fine, closed-cell foam structure and heat-reflective cell gases gives rigid polyurethane foams their excellent thermal insulating qualities.

3. Thermal Insulation

One of the most beneficial applications for low-density rigid polyurethane is thermal insulation. By keeping heat out during the summer and during the winter, insulating a building’s walls with low-density rigid polyurethane during construction can significantly lower heating and cooling costs. This reduces carbon emissions and lessens the damaging effects of energy use on the environment. Furthermore, polyurethane often has a lengthy lifespan (well over five decades) and needs no maintenance at all. As a result, it is a preferred material for anyone constructing a new home.

4. Footwear

Because of its exceptional ability to be both flexible and strong, polyurethane is particularly advantageous for footwear especially sports shoes. Polyurethane prevents shoes from becoming brittle in addition to making them supportive and comfier while also making them resistant to excessive heat and odors.

5. Furniture, Bedding, and Seating

Foam made from polyurethane goods is frequently molded and has several applications for human comfort. The density and quality of this foam may differ. A higher price results from more density and quality (often sold by the quarter inch, by the sheet). Baby mattresses are frequently made of softer, temporary materials rather than the most luxurious, durable foam, which is typically saved for bay window cushions. Polyurethane is frequently used in fabric car seats because it is both comfy and strong.

6. Coating

Polyurethane is also frequently used, albeit little is known about it, as a coating for protection. A thin coating of polyurethane may keep a range of materials looking brand-new while extending their lifespan. An excellent illustration is the coating applied to cars to shield the body underneath the paint from dings, scratches, and elements.

7. Straps

Straps made of polyurethane have several applications. Polyurethane is the perfect material for things like watch straps because of its overall strength and elasticity, which caters to the wearer’s need for both comfort and flexibility. A very thin, very long cord can support the weight of extremely heavy objects, demonstrating the potential strength of polyurethane goods.


The applications and advantages of polyurethanes in coatings, adhesives, sealants, and elastomers are numerous and expanding.

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